HOODOO 500 OFFICIAL RULES AND
(Updated August 17, 2011)
Attention Racers & Crew:
It is your responsibility to read these rules carefully before the Pre-Race Meeting.
These rules represent the minimum interference with racer strategy and performance, while effectively controlling the race and abiding by the rules and regulations required under the various permits granted by the States of Arizona and Utah. The Hoodoo 500 is an extraordinary personal challenge; and these rules are in place to ensure maximum safety and competitive fairness.
The result of any violation of these rules, by racer or crew, will be time penalties against the racer or disqualification. Automatic DQ offenses are noted below.
A. The Race Directors have the right and authority, at any time, to alter these rules and penalties, or to invent new ones, based on extenuating, unforeseen, and/or unusual circumstances and/or to maintain the integrity and fair play necessary for the successful completion, and continuation of the race. The Race Directors have ultimate authority in regards to all rules, their interpretation, and their enforcement. If a racer or crew plans to do something not explicitly covered by these rules, they should inquire prior to the race regarding the propriety or legality of such conduct.
B. There are articles and links on the Hoodoo 500 website (many of which were written by competitors and their crews) with suggestions and strategies for participating in an ultramarathon bicycle race. Hoodoo 500 racers and crew should be aware that some articles may reference rules that have been superseded or rules applicable to other races that may not apply to the Hoodoo 500. The Hoodoo 500 Official Rules And Regulations always take precedence over any such material.
C. All bicycles and support vehicles intended for use during the race must be presented at bicycle/vehicle inspection on Thursday afternoon.
D. Attendance at the Pre-Race Meeting is mandatory. Solo entrants must be represented by the racer and at least one crew. Team entrants must be represented by at least two racers or one racer and one crew. –DQ
E. All racers and all crew must sign and turn in the Release of Liability / Agreement to Terms and Conditions prior to the race. -DQ
F. To be declared an Official Finisher, entrants in all divisions must complete the course by 7:00am (local time) on Sunday following the race start.
G. Divisional racers start simultaneously (Voyager at 5am; Solo and Tandem at 7am; 2-Person or 2-Tandem Teams at 8am; and 4-Person, 4-Tandem or 8-personTeams at 9am). The racer with the fastest total time (including penalties, if any) will be declared the winner of that division.
H. The race clock will not stop for any reason. However, the Race Directors may make time adjustments after the start of the race for extenuating circumstances. All race times are reported and recorded in Mountain Daylight Time.
I. A “contingency” is a conjunction of unplanned events, including, but not limited to, traffic lights, traffic jams, trains, detours, road construction, winds, storms, or other “acts of God.” The Race Directors are not responsible for contingencies and will not issue time bonuses, deduct time from a racer’s overall time, or move a racer up the course due to any contingency or unplanned events over which the Race Directors have no control. Routine inconveniences are all part of the challenge of a 500+ mile bicycle race.
J. Racers or crew may not be naked outside of their support vehicle for any reason without coverings or curtains. Please use discretion when urinating outside.
K. No racer or crew member may wear clothing that promotes hard liquor or tobacco products, or is otherwise in poor taste with respect to style, brevity or inappropriate graphic design.
L. Every crew must carry
at least one cell phone, and provide the number to Race Headquarters at racer
M. Safety must be the single most important concern of everyone connected with the race.
N. In an emergency condition where human life is in jeopardy, all concern should be directed to the injured. If a rule is violated in an emergency situation, the Race Directors will make necessary allowances.
O. The racer is responsible for making sure that there are at least two wide awake crew members at all times. If no crew member is alert enough to drive safely, the support vehicle will be detained until the crew can safely support the racer again. The racer may continue riding unsupported; however, during nighttime hours the racer may not proceed unless the racer is prepared with the necessary equipment as described below in "Riding At Night," Section B.
P. If a racer or crew observes another racer or crew behaving in an unsafe manner, please say something to that person or to a Race Official.
Q. IVs (intravenous fluids) are not permitted during the race. –DQ
R. Racers and crew may not use controlled drugs, stimulants, dope or alcohol. –DQ
S. All racers and crew
members must obey the vehicle code laws of Arizona and Utah, where applicable.
It is the responsibility of all drivers and racers to be familiar with the law.
–TP or DQ
A. Bicycles must be propelled solely by human force, and be no more than 2 meters (79 inches) long and 75 cm (30 inches) wide. A standard racing bicycle is what all solo racers use. The general guide for equipment approval is based on UCI specifications for time trial equipment. The Trek Y-Foil, Softride and TitanFlex bicycles are allowed. Other deviations from the UCI rules must be approved by the Race Directors, in writing, prior to the race. If you have any doubts about a modified piece of equipment, contact the Race Directors for a ruling.
B. Any number of bicycles or replacement parts may be used during the race.
C. Devices attached to the bicycle or racer designed to reduce wind resistance or increase speed, e.g., air foils, windscreens, fairings or sails, are prohibited. –DQ
D. Each bicycle ridden by a racer must be presented for pre-race inspection.
E. Each helmet intended for use in the race must be presented for pre-race inspection with the rider’s designated number attached to the left side of the helmet (so the number is visible to passing race officials, crew vehicles and other racers). The designated number must be attached to the helmet for the duration of the race. -DQ
A. Racers will wear a properly fastened ANSI-approved helmet at all times, with the racer’s designated number visible on the left side. -DQ
B. Racers must obey all traffic laws, including stopping for lights and stop signs.-TP or DQ
C. At traffic lights or stop signs, or anywhere on the course where a racer is forced to stop, a racer may not hold onto or receive balance support from any crew vehicle or person.
D. A racer must not
attempt to avoid a red light by making a right turn, an immediate u-turn, and
another right turn to stay on course. -DQ
E. No racer will attempt to block or impede the progress of another racer.
F. A racer may not receive any type of push-off from a person or vehicle.
G. A racer may proceed on foot as long as they push, carry, or drag their bicycle with them.
H. Racers must not be driven up the course for any reason other than an emergency or to go to a motel to sleep. To resume riding, the racer must return to the exact location where they left the course. –DQ
I. Circling, which includes riding any portion of the course in the reverse direction, is prohibited. –DQ
J. A racer or crew member must notify Race Headquarters if they abandon the race.
K. Racers who drop out of competition may join another racer's crew after notifying a Race Official or Race HQ.
DRAFTING / SPACING RULES
A. Drafting is prohibited. Racers must maintain a distance of 10 yards from one another, except when passing, or riding alongside one another as described below.
B. Solo and/or Voyager racers may ride alongside one another for a maximum 15 minutes per 24 hour period, but may not draft each other at any time. Example: Racer A rides alongside Racer B for 15 minutes. Racer A and Racer B then cannot ride together until 24 hours pass. However, Racer A may ride with Racer C for 15 minutes, and so on.
C. The 15 minute rule does not apply to relay teams. Relay teams cannot ride together at any time.
D. Racers may not draft off any other vehicle and must try to maintain a distance of 15 yards from another racer’s support vehicle, unless passing.
A. “Spying” means sending crew (spies) out on the route to obtain information about other competitors.
B. Spying vehicles must be driven with the normal flow of traffic.
C. Spying vehicles parked along the race route must have all four wheels off the road and must not interfere with the passage of any racer or their support vehicle.
D. Spies must not verbally annoy any racer or cause engine noise, wind gusts, road dust, or vehicle exhaust which would annoy or bother any racer.
E. Spying via interception of radio communications is not controlled. Crews should be advised to switch radio channels or have some other plan for communication if spying is suspected and unwanted.
RIDING AT NIGHT
A. All bicycles ridden at night, accompanied by a Follow Vehicle, must be equipped with a headlight, attached to the bicycle, and at least one taillight (two are better), also attached to the bicycle, which must be ON at all times. Both front and rear lights must be visible from 500 feet. –DQ
B. All bicycles ridden at night, not accompanied by a Follow Vehicle, must be equipped with at least two independent lighting systems, at least one of which is attached to the bicycle, and at least two taillights, which must be ON at all times. All front and rear lights must be visible from 500 feet. -DQ
C. All bicycles must have either reflective material facing all four directions (meaning installing reflectors, or placing reflective tape on crank arms, seat stays and fork) or the racer must wear a reflective vest or sash. –DQ (Hint: When using reflective tape, to avoid damage to paint, put electrical tape on first, and place the reflective tape on top.)
D. When riding at night, racers must wear both a left and right reflective ankle band, and must have reflective tape or dots on all four sides of their helmet.
SUPPORT CREW AND VEHICLES
A. A support crew member
is any person who actively assists a racer in any way on a continuing basis for
a given block of time.
B. One person shall be assigned the title of crew captain, and will act as the spokesperson for the crew and racer.
C. There are no restrictions on the maximum number of support crew members, but at least two are required for the duration of the race for all solo and two racer relay divisions. Four racer relay teams are not required to have designated crew members, as they may crew for themselves.
D. A racer may add crew members at any time during the race. The crew captain must notify Race HQ immediately and the new crew member must sign the Release of Liability / Agreement to Terms and Conditions prior to joining the crew.
E. Each racer is responsible for the actions of their crew. A racer may be penalized or disqualified as a result of crew member misconduct.
F. A support crew must not
hinder the progress of any racer or their crew. Actions that create a
disadvantage to another racer are prohibited.
H. In the spirit of sportsmanship, any support crew may offer assistance to any racer or crew at any time. Caveat: A support crew member or any solo or relay team racer, must report to a Race Official any assistance given to a Voyager racer regardless of the perceived significance. -TP or DQ
I. Support crew members may not run, walk or ride along with, next to, in front of, or behind their racers for any reason (except during water bottle hand-offs).
J. The support crew is responsible for locating gas stations, food stores, camp sites, medical facilities, motels, restaurants, etc.
K. Crew must notify a Race
Official or Race Headquarters if:
-A racer is, or plans to be, off the course for longer than 30 minutes.
-To obtain permission for crew additions.
-A racer is delayed, sent off course, made a wrong turn, or is detained by local or state police for more than 30 minutes.
-A racer refuses to comply with the crew’s demand to rest and the crew feels the racer is in danger.
”Support Vehicle” is a motorized vehicle with at least two wheels that is used to transport people and/or equipment for use by a Hoodoo 500 competitor.
“Follow Vehicle” - A four-wheeled motorized vehicle, no greater than 80 inches wide, that will follow directly behind the racer at night.
M. There is no maximum number of crew members or vehicles that a racer may have on their crew; but every racer must have at least one four-wheeled support vehicle, and at least two licensed drivers.
N. All support vehicles
must be legally registered and meet the minimum requirements of property damage
and personal injury liability automobile insurance for the state of
O. The racer’s or team’s name must be visible and easily legible on all four sides of each support vehicle. Lettering should be at least 4-6 inches high. Do not block windows.
P. Follow Vehicles must be equipped with the following:
i) At least two amber (not red) flashing lights mounted on the far left and right rear of the roof visible only from the rear. The support vehicle must use the flashing roof lights at all times when following its racer. These flashing lights must be powered by the electrical system of the vehicle, not by internal batteries. -DQ
ii) A rear-facing sign that reads CAUTION BICYCLE AHEAD. This type of sign can be ordered through a sign shop, pre-ordered from Planet Ultra (with entry form), or homemade using white adhesive shelf paper or white heavy card stock with reflective red or orange 4 to 6 inch lettering. -DQ
iii) A standard reflective equilateral "slow moving vehicle" triangle (minimum height of 12" with a red or orange reflective border not less that 1.5" in width) must be displayed at all times while following directly behind the racer. The triangle must be removed when the vehicle is not directly following.
Q. Follow Vehicles may not pull a trailer of any kind.
R. Bike racks mounted on the rear of a Follow Vehicle must not obstruct the required signage.
S. Additional spotlights may not be mounted higher than the standard built-in headlights of the Follow Vehicle, except for a pass-off light mounted on the right side which may be used to temporarily light the road when driving next to a racer during a pass-off of supplies. Hand-held spotlights may not be used.
FOLLOWING YOUR RACER
A. Vehicles may not follow racers during daylight on Friday, but may follow racers during daylight on Saturday, except in “Special Ride Zones” noted in these rules and/or in the Official Route Book. Vehicle-to-racer handoffs during daylight on Friday are prohibited. Only leapfrog support may be used on Friday. Always park in safe spots, with all four wheels completely off the roadway. Crew vehicles not following a racer must travel at or near the speed limit.
B. Support vehicles may not travel in front of a racer within 25 yards, day or night. If a racer is approaching from behind, expecting to pass, the follow vehicle of the racer being passed must pull over and make way for the racer to safely pass in his own lane.
C. Under no circumstances may two or more support vehicles follow behind a racer. Caravanning, or a procession of two or more support vehicles behind a racer, is prohibited.
D. If two racers decide to ride together (for up to 15 minutes), only one racer’s crew may follow both racers. The other must pull off the road either behind or ahead of the racers. Under no circumstances may two or more vehicles of different racers caravan down the road or travel side-by-side at the speed of the racers. Both racers will be penalized.
E. Support crews shall not
in any way impede the progress of one another or any cyclist.
F. Support vehicles may not travel alongside a racer, except when passing off food, beverage, or information. Under no circumstances should a support vehicle disregard traffic to the rear when traveling alongside their racer.
G. A support vehicle may not create any advantages for a racer by means of breaking the force of the wind to the front or side.
H. Communication with a racer may be accomplished with a two-way radio, but not by a public address system or other loudspeaker. No sound amplification is allowed. -DQ
I. If traffic cannot pass the racer and support vehicle safely, the support vehicle must pull over to the right as quickly as possible, and allow traffic to pass. If there is nowhere to pull over and the support vehicle is causing a significant traffic problem, the driver should drive on ahead of the racer and find a spot to pull over to let the traffic pass. Signal the racer of the situation because he/she might want to momentarily pull over also.
J. Support vehicles must dim their front headlights when any oncoming traffic approaches within 500 feet. Lights must also be dimmed when following within 300 feet to the rear of another vehicle, or when another vehicle passes.
K. At the racer's
discretion, racers may be directly followed by a Follow Vehicle at night.
Using St. George as a reference, Civil Twilight begins at 6:35am ends at 8:35pm.
As such, "night" is defined as the time between 8:15pm and 6:45am. Racers must
have full lights and reflectors on between those hours.
ROUTING / DIRECTIONS
A. Each racer or relay team must ride every inch of the prescribed course. In the event of a routing error, e.g., wrong turn, the racer may be driven back to the exact original spot where he/she left the course and continue riding from that location.
B. If a relay team racer makes a wrong turn, another team racer may begin riding at the point where the wrong turn was made. This is the only time team members do not have to overlap wheels during an exchange.
SPECIAL RIDE ZONES
A. Racers begin under neutral conditions, escorted by a pace racer or vehicle that may not be passed. The race begins when the escort pulls off and announces the start of racing.
B. All support vehicles must enter the course by driving north on Interstate 15. Vehicles exit on Hwy 9 towards Hurricane / Zion. Support and/or racer exchanges may begin after Mile Marker 6 on Hwy 9. No support vehicle may pull off the highway or provide any support before Mile Marker 6 on Hwy 9. - Mandatory 1 hour time penalty.
C. Support vehicles must not stop, and no racer exchanges are allowed on the course between mile 21.5 and 24.0 (from the left turn onto SR-59 until beyond the top of the climb). - Mandatory 1 hour time penalty.
D. All racers must ride on the bicycle trail which parallels Hwy 12 beginning at Red Canyon until Time Station #2 at the Chevron Station. Support vehicles must proceed straight on Hwy 12 at the normal speed of traffic and wait for their racer at the Time Station. –DQ
E. Support vehicles shall not follow their racer, but must provide leap-frog support only, during daylight hours beginning at mile 374.0 (Time Station #5 in Paguitch) until mile 406.3 (the left turn from SR-143 onto SR-148).
F. Racer support ends when the racer makes the right turn from Hwy 18 onto Snow Canyon Parkway at mile 502.8. All support vehicles must proceed straight on Hwy 18, which becomes Bluff Street, and return directly to the finish line to wait for their racer. –DQ
G. There will be no relay
team racer exchanges or additions after the right turn from Hwy 18 onto Snow
Canyon Parkway at mile 502.8. All team members who wish to race to the finish
together must be on the course at this intersection. -DQ
RACE OFFICIALS AND TIME STATIONS
A. Race Officials will be stationed along the route at select Time Stations, and will also travel the course in marked or covert race vehicles.
B. Any Race Official may
give a time penalty or DQ a racer on the spot; or may report the violation to
the Race Directors who may assess the penalty or DQ the racer at a later time.
C. Race Officials are instructed to keep interaction with crew and racers to a minimum. They will be friendly, but cannot give aid or favor to any racer. Race Officials will only reveal racers' positions and arrival times at Time Stations, if known. The race organizers will not be held responsible for the reporting of inaccurate positions and times, regardless of the source.
D. Time Stations are located in designated places along the race route, as noted in the Official Race Route. Some Time Stations will be manned and some will not be manned. All racers, or their crews, are required to check in at every Time Station. The preferred method for check-in at unmanned time stations is text message (except for TS7 at Snow Canyon where crew or racer must call in).
E. At manned Time Stations, the racer or a member of the crew must report to the Race Official. At unmanned Time Stations, a member of the crew must contact via text message, email or telephone call, Race Headquarters and report the racer or relay team name, the Time Station number, and the time the racer arrived at the Time Station (not the time when the crew member made the call). Race Headquarters must be contacted within 15 minutes of a racer passing a Time Station. Exception: A crew member must immediately call (not text) Race Headquarters when their racer(s) turn onto Snow Canyon near the end of the race.
F. Crews will be given any messages, including notification of time penalties or disqualification, either from Race Officials at Time Stations or when they call Race Headquarters.
TEAM DIVISION RULES
The Hoodoo 500 Rules for solo racers apply to team racers, in addition to the following:
A. Each team must enter
with two or four racers (or eight for the eight-racer tandem category). If one
or more of the team members gets hurt or cannot start, substitutions are allowed
to the team roster up until the time of racer check-in on Thursday.
B. At least one racer must finish. This means that the rest of the racers may abandon the race.
C. There are no requirements as to how much time or how many miles each team member must ride.
D. One, and up to all, of a team’s registered racers may cycle at any time. Drafting is permitted within the same team, but not between rival teams. Exception: Only one racer may start the race. There are no exchanges or additions until racers join their support vehicles at the first support zone.
E. If two or more relay teammates are on the course together, they must ride single file and stay within three feet of one another. In other words, they must be in a paceline. The only exception to this rule is for those brief moments when the leader of the paceline is pulling off and rotating to the back of the line.
F. If local police or highway patrol prohibit drafting, the team must abide by the command. –DQ (The Hoodoo 500 has no control over the authority of the police.)
G. A temporary ban on drafting may be imposed if the team creates undue traffic problems that would be remedied by having only one racer on the road.
H. Penalties for rule violations will be imposed on the entire team.
I. When performing racer exchanges, the new racer must overlap wheels with the racer they are replacing. Exception: If a team racer makes a wrong turn, another team racer may begin riding at the point where the wrong turn was made. This is the only time team members do not have to overlap wheels during an exchange.
J. If traffic conditions safely permit, racers may make a rolling exchange at cycling speed and ride side by side. The new racer then accelerates away while the retiring racer stops. The retiring racer must pull off the road and wait to be picked up. The retiring racer must not make a u-turn and ride back to a waiting vehicle. –DQ
K. Circling, which includes riding any portion of the course in the reverse direction, is prohibited, day or night. –DQ
L. If one team is about to pass another, the team being passed must yield right of way and both teams must resume 10 yard splits.
VOYAGER DIVISION RULES
A total of fifteen (15) entries will be accepted in the Voyager Division. The Hoodoo 500 Rules for solo racers apply to Voyagers, except for those related to support crews and vehicles, in addition to the following:
A. To gain entry to the Voyager Division, potential racers must submit a detailed resume (via email or snail mail) to the Race Directors which should include ride/race/life experience over the past three years evidencing the racer's ability to be self-sufficient in this 500+ mile event; explaining why the racer desires to compete without a crew; and briefly outlining their specific plans for successful completion of the Hoodoo 500.
B. Racers must be prepared to be completely self-sufficient. Absent an emergency situation, racers may not ask for or accept assistance from a solo or team racer or crew. Penalties for violation of this rule: 1st offense - ½ hour; 2nd offense - 1 hour; 3rd offense - 2 hours, 4th offense - DQ.
C. At each time station, or
at the Finish Line, racers must report to a Race Official any acceptance of
assistance from a solo racer or team racer. Failure to do so will result in an
D. Racers must carry with them at all times the following items: Photo identification, jacket, leg coverings, cell phone (although there is no service in many areas), space blanket or bivvy sack.
E. Racers are encouraged to use the drop bag service to deliver bags up the course to each of the four manned time stations: Kanab, Escalante, Loa and Panguitch. Racers must take all gear/food from bags delivered to Kanab, as bags will not be returned to Race HQ (anything left will be discarded). Bag size is limited to 10” x 20”.
F. In the spirit of this Division and to assure an even playing field, racers may not have any person out on the course for any reason. Racers may not have any person meet them at Time Stations for any reason. Exception: If a racer has abandoned, they may have someone come out on the course to pick them up. -DQ
A. Non-DQ rule violations will result in the following time penalties for all racers, which will either be served at Time Station 5 in Panguitch or be added to the racer's or team's total time at the finish of the race:
1st offense: 30 minutes total
2nd offense: 1 hour total
3rd offense: 2 hours total
4th offense: DQ
B. Ignorance of these
rules is never an excuse.
C. Upon observing a racer or crew's violation of a traffic law or race rule, a Race Official may either issue a time penalty or a disqualification to the crew, whose responsibility it is to inform the racer, or report the penalty or disqualification to the next Time Station or to the Race Directors, where the penalty will be posted.